Engineering Metrology

Engineering Metrology

Engineering Metrology


The Bureau of Indian Standards adopted this Indian Standard, after the draft finalized by the Engineering Metrology Sectional committee had been approved by the Light Mechanical Engineering Council.

This standard was originally published in 1974 and in its preparation considerable assistance had been derived from the Canadian Government Specification Board Specification 39-GP-31. It also reveals the four grades 0,1,2,3 to be maintained based on its accuracy regarding the flatness tolerances for each grade . In the preparation of this standard considerable assistance has been derived from ISO/DIS 8512/2-1988.


It covers the requirements for rectangular or square, granite surface plates ranging from size 160mm X 100mm to size 2500mm X 1600mm, as preferred sizes in four grades of accuracy. That is 0, 1, 2 and 3 grade. It also applies to new granite surface plates, granite surface plates in use and those reconditioned according to their grade.


The Indian standards that are necessary adjuncts to this standard is,


1076 (Part 1 to 3) Preferred numbers. 2285 : 1990 Cast iron surface plate (second revision) 12937 : 1990 Engineering metrology methods of testing Straightness, flatness and perpendicularity


The surface plates shall be stable, workable rock presenting a wear resistant surface, which does not tend to scratch steel surfaces. When we make surface plates from stable igneous rocks such as diabase, gabbro that holds uniform texture and free from flaws and fissures, we can use this granite surface plate category for the purpose of this standard. Repair of defects in the top surface is not permitted. The color of granite is no importance, but the color of any individual plate shall be uniform.

Flatness Tolerance:

We can apply two flatness tolerances, one for the working surface overall and one for any local area of 250mm X 250mm of the working surface. The flatness deviation of the working surface overall shall not exceed the appropriate tolerance for size and grade of accuracy as specified in the table given below,

Size of Plate (mm) Diagonal length (mm) Tolerance on deviation from flatness Overall for plates of Grade (µm) In the case of sizes which differ from those in the standard range, we can calculate the tolerance on deviation from flatness overall by using the formula, Given, t = c1l + c2 Where, t – tolerance on deviation from flatness overall, in micrometers l – nominal length of the diagonal of the plate rounded up to the nearest 100mm c1– constants for the grade of plate c2– values given in the below table.


3 points should support the surface plate, ideally located 20% of the length in from the ends of the plate. Two supports should be located 20% of the width in from the long sides, and the remaining support should be centered. Only 3 points can rest solidly on anything but a precision surface. Plates larger than size 1000mm X 630mm shall have safety feet in addition to it.

If the plate is properly supported, precise leveling is only necessary. Leveling is not necessary to maintain the accuracy of a properly supported plate.


The rigidity of the plate is proportional to the plate thickness, which should be good enough to hold an intensive load about its center without showing a deflection below the remaining area of the plate by more than 1 µm/200N. The limiting value for deflection applies to surface plates of size 400mm X 250mm and larger.


Each plate shall bear a designation plate attached to one side, the following information in characters not less than 3mm high, shall be included 1.The indication of the source of manufacture 2.The number of this standard 3.The grade of accuracy

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